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Kenneth Vercammen & Associates
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N.J.S.A. 2C:17-2d) model jury charge

KNOWINGLY OR RECKLESSLY FAILING TO TAKE REASONABLE

MEASURES TO PREVENT OR MITIGATE WIDESPREAD INJURY OR DAMAGE

(N.J.S.A.2C:17-2d)model jury charge

Countof the indictment charges the defendant with knowingly or recklessly failing to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage in violation of a statute which provides as follows:

A person who knowingly or recklessly fails to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage commits a crime . . .if:

(1)He knows that he is under an official, contractual or other legal duty to take such measures; or

(2)He did or assented to the act causing or threatening the injury or damage.

In order for the defendant to be found guilty of knowingly or recklessly failing to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage, the State must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

(1)that the defendant failed to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage; and

[CHOOSE THE APPROPRIATE SECOND ELEMENT]

(2)that defendant knew thathe/shewas under an official, contractual or other legal duty to take such measures; and

[OR]

(2)that defendant did or assented to the act causing or threatening the injury or damage; and

(3)that the defendant acted [knowingly] [recklessly].

The first element the State must prove beyond a reasonable doubt is that the defendant failed to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage.The term widespread injury or damage means serious bodily injury to five or more people or damage to five or more habitations or to a building which would normally have contained 25 or more persons at the time of the offense.Serious bodily injury means bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious, permanent disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.

The second element the State must prove beyond a reasonable doubt is [that the defendant knew thathe/shewas under an official, contractual or other legal duty to take such measures] [that the defendant did or assented to the act causing or threatening the injury or damage].

The third element the State must prove beyond a reasonable doubt is that the defendant acted knowingly or recklessly.A person acts knowingly with respect to the nature ofhis/herconduct orthe attendant circumstances ifhe/sheis aware thathis/herconduct is of that nature, or that such circumstances exist, orhe/sheis aware of a high probability of their existence.A person acts knowingly with respect to a result ofhis/herconduct ifhe/sheis aware that it is practically certain thathis/herconduct will cause such a result.

A person acts recklessly with respect to the nature ofhis/herconduct or a result thereof whenhe/sheconsciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk.The risk must be of such a nature and degree that, considering the nature and purpose of the actors conduct and thecircumstances known tohim/her, its disregard involves a gross deviation from the standard of conduct that a reasonable person would observe in the actors situation.[1]

You must realize that knowledge and recklessness are states of mind which cannot be seen and can only be determined by drawing inferences from ones conduct, words or actions, and from all of the surrounding circumstances.It therefore is not necessary that the State produce witnesses to testify that the defendant said thathe/shewas acting knowingly or recklessly.His/Herstate of mind is to be determined by you after you examinehis/herconduct and actions, all that was said or done at that particular time and place, and all the surrounding circumstances.

If the State has failed to prove any one or more of the elements as I have described them to you beyond a reasonable doubt, you must find the defendant not guilty of knowingly or recklessly failing to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage.If the State has proven each element beyond a reasonable doubt, you must find the defendant guilty of the crime of knowingly or recklessly failing to take reasonable measures to prevent or mitigate widespread injury or damage.



[1]SeeN.J.S.A.2C:2-2b(3).


Kenneth Vercammen was the Middlesex County Bar Municipal Court Attorney of the Year
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Kenneth Vercammens Law office represents individuals charged with criminal, drug offenses, and serious traffic violations throughout New Jersey. Our office helps people with traffic/ municipal court tickets including drivers charged with Driving While Intoxicated, Refusal and Driving While Suspended.

Kenneth Vercammen was the NJ State Bar Municipal Court Attorney of the Year and past president of the Middlesex County Municipal Prosecutors Association.

Criminal and Motor vehicle violations can cost you. You will have to pay fines in court or receive points on your drivers license. An accumulation of too many points, or certain moving violations may require you to pay expensive surcharges to the N.J. DMV [Division of Motor Vehicles] or have your license suspended. Dont give up! The Law Office of Kenneth Vercammen can provide experienced attorney representation for criminal motor vehicle violations.

When your job or drivers license is in jeopardy or you are facing thousands of dollars in fines, DMV surcharges and car insurance increases, you need excellent legal representation. The least expensive attorney is not always the answer. Schedule an appointment if you need experienced legal representation in a traffic/municipal court matter.

Our website www.NJLaws.com provides information on traffic offenses we can be retained to represent people. Our website also provides details on jail terms for traffic violations and car insurance eligibility points. Car insurance companies increase rates or drop customers based on moving violations.

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Kenneth Vercammen & Associates, P.C.
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Ken Vercammens Resume Directions to Ken Vercammen and Associates



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