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Kenneth Vercammen & Associates
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Cranbury, NJ 08512
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NJ Court Rule 3:10 Pleadings and Motions Before Trial; Defenses and Objections

Kenneth Vercammen's Law office represents individuals charged with criminal and serious traffic violations throughout New Jersey.

Pleadings in criminal actions shall consist only of the complaint, the indictment or accusation, and the plea. Any defense or objection capable of determination without trial of the general issue may be raised before trial by motion to dismiss or for other appropriate relief.

Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(a)(b)(1). 3:10-2. Time and Manner of Making Motion; Hearing on Motion

(a) Time and Manner of Making Motion. Unless otherwise required by law, pre-indictment motions shall be heard by the judge to whom the case is assigned. If the case has not been assigned to a judge pre-indictment motions shall be made to the Criminal Presiding Judge or designee, except as otherwise provided by law. Unless otherwise required by law, or ordered by the Criminal Presiding Judge, post-indictment motions shall be made to the judge to whom the indictment has been assigned. At the arraignment/status conference counsel shall advise the court of their intention to make motions. The dates for filing, briefing and for the hearing of such motions shall be set by the court at the arraignment/status conference. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, motions and status conferences shall be scheduled on the same day. The court may for good cause shown and in the interest of justice permit additional motions to be made thereafter. A motion shall include all defenses and objections then available to the defendant. (b) Hearing on Motion. A motion made before trial shall be determined before the trial memorandum is prepared and the trial date fixed, unless the court, for good cause, orders it deferred for determination at or after trial. (c) Defenses and Objections Which Must Be Raised Before Trial. The defense of double jeopardy and all other defenses and objections based on defects in the institution of the prosecution or in the indictment or accusation, except as otherwise provided by R. 3:10-2(d) (defenses which may be raised only before or after trial) and R. 3:10-2(e) (lack of jurisdiction), must be raised by motion before trial. Failure to so present any such defense constitutes a waiver thereof, but the court for good cause shown may grant relief from the waiver. (d) Defenses and Objections Which May Only Be Raised Before or After Trial. The defense that the indictment or accusation fails to charge an offense and the defense that the charge is based on a statute or regulation promulgated pursuant to statute which is unconstitutional or invalid in whole or in part may only be raised by motion either before trial or within 10 days after a verdict of guilty or within such further time as the court may fix during such 10-day period, or on appeal. Such defenses shall not be considered during trial. (e) Lack of Jurisdiction. The court shall notice the defense of lack of jurisdiction in the court at any time during the pendency of the proceeding except during trial.

Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(2)(3) and (4); caption amended, former Rules 3:10-2, -3, -4, -5 and -6 amended, redesignated and incorporated into R. 3:10-2 as paragraphs (c), (d), (e), (a), and (b) July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995. 3:10-3. [Reserved] Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(2) (first sentence); former R. 3:10-3 redesignated R. 3:10-2(d)July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995. 3:10-4. [Reserved] Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(2) (fifth sentence); former R. 3:10-4 redesignated R. 3:10-2(e) July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995. 3:10-5. [Reserved] Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(2) (third sentence), 3:5-5(b)(3); former R. 3:10-5 amended and redesignated R. 3:10-2(a) July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995. 3:10-6. [Reserved] Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(4); former R. 3:10-6 amended and redesignated R. 3:10-2(b) July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995. 3:10-7. Effect of Determination of Motion

Except as provided in R. 3:9-3(f), if a motion is determined adversely to the defendant, the defendant shall be permitted to plead if the defendant has not previously pleaded but a plea previously entered shall stand. If an objection or defense specified in R. 3:10-2 is sustained and is not otherwise remediable the court shall order the indictment or accusation dismissed. If the court grants a motion to dismiss an indictment or accusation, it may also order that the defendant be held in custody or that bail be continued for a specified time pending the filing of a new indictment or accusation.

Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-5(b)(2) (sixth sentence), 3:5-5(b)(5). Amended July 21, 1980 to be effective September 8, 1980; amended July 13, 1994 to be effective September 1, 1994; amended July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995.

RULE 3:12. DEFENDANT'S OBLIGATION TO PROVIDE NOTICE 3:12-1. Notice Under Specific Criminal Code Provisions

A defendant shall serve written notice on the prosecutor if the defendant intends to rely on any of the following sections of the Code of Criminal Justice: Ignorance or Mistake, 2C:2-4(c); Accomplice: Renunciation Terminating Complicity, 2C:2-6(e)(3); Intoxication, 2C:2-8(d); Duress, 2C:2-9(a); Entrapment, 2C:2-12(b); General Principles of Justification, 2C:3-1 to 2C:3-11; Insanity, 2C:4-1; Lack of Requisite State of Mind, 2C:4-2; Criminal Attempt (renunciation of criminal purpose), 2C:5-1(d); Conspiracy (renunciation of criminal purpose), 2C:5-2(e); Murder (affirmative defense, felony murder), 2C:11-3(a)(3); Criminal Restraint, 2C:13-2(b); Theft by Extortion, 2C:20-5; Perjury (retraction), 2C:28-1(d); False Swearing (retraction), 2C:28-2(b); Controlled Dangerous Substances Near or On School Property, 2C:35-7; and Distributing, Dispensing or Possessing Controlled Substances Within 500 Feet of Public Housing Facilities, Parks or Buildings, 2C:35-7.1. No later than seven days before the arraignment/status conference the defendant shall serve on the prosecutor a notice of intention to claim any of the defenses listed herein; and if the defendant requests or has received discovery pursuant to R. 3:13-3(c), the defendant shall, pursuant to R. 3:13-3(d), furnish the prosecutor with discovery pertaining to such defenses at the time the notice is served. The prosecutor shall, within 14 days after receipt of such discovery, comply with R. 3:13-3(c) and (g) with respect to any defense for which the prosecutor has received notice. For good cause shown the court may extend the time of service of any of the foregoing, or make such other orders as the interest of justice requires. If a party fails to comply with this Rule, the court may take such action as the interest of justice requires. The action taken may include refusing to allow the party in default to present witnesses in support or in opposition of that defense at the trial or to allow the granting of an adjournment or delay during trial as the interest of justice demands. Note: Source-R.R. 3:5-9A. Former Rule 3:12 amended August 28, 1979 to be effective September 1, 1979; main caption amended and former Rules 3:12 and 3:12A amended, combined and redesignated as Rule 3:12-1, July 13, 1994, second paragraph amended December 9, 1994, to be effective January 1, 1995; amended July 12, 2002 to be effective September 3, 2002. 3:12-2. Notice of Alibi; Failure to Furnish

(a) Alibi. If a defendant intends to rely in any way on an alibi, within 10 days after a written demand by the prosecutor the defendant shall furnish a signed alibi, stating the specific place or places at which the defendant claims to have been at the time of the alleged offense and the names and addresses of the witnesses upon whom the defendant intends to rely to establish such alibi. Within 10 days after receipt of such alibi, the prosecutor shall, on written demand, furnish the defendant or defendant's attorney with the names and addresses of the witnesses upon whom the State intends to rely to establish defendant's presence at the scene of the alleged offense. The trial court may order such amendment or amplification as the interest of justice requires. (b) Failure to Furnish. If the information required in paragraph (a) is not furnished, the court may refuse to allow the party in default to present witnesses at trial as to defendant's absence from or presence at the scene of the alleged offense, or make such other order or grantsuch adjournment, or delay during trial, as the interest of justice requires. Note: Former Rules 3:11-1 and -2 amended and redesignated R. 3:12-2 July 13, 1994 to be effective January 1, 1995.

Consequences of a Criminal Guilty Plea

1. You will have to appear in open court and tell the judge what you did that makes you guilty of the particular offense(s)

2. Do you understand that if you plead guilty:

a. You will have a criminal record

b. You may go to Jail or Prison.

c. You will have to pay Fines and Court Costs.

3. If you are on Probation, you will have to submit to random drug and urine testing. If you violate Probation, you often go to jail.

4. In indictable matters, you will be required to provide a DNA sample, which could be used by law enforcement for the investigation of criminal activity, and pay for the cost of testing.

5. You must pay restitution if the court finds there is a victim who has suffered a loss and if the court finds that you are able or will be able in the future to pay restitution.

6. If you are a public office holder or employee, you can be required to forfeit your office or job by virtue of your plea of guilty.

7. If you are not a United States citizen or national, you may be deported by virtue of your plea of guilty.

8. You must wait 5-10 years to expunge a first offense. 2C:52-3

9. You could be put on Probation.

10. In Drug Cases, a mandatory DEDR penalty of $500-$1,000, and lose your driver's license for 6 months - 2years. You must pay a Law Enforcement Officers Training and Equipment Fund penalty of $30.

11. You may be required to do Community Service.

12. You must pay a minimum Violent Crimes Compensation Board assessment of $50 ($100 minimum if you are convicted of a crime of violence) for each count to which you plead guilty.

13. You must pay a $75 Safe Neighborhood Services Fund assessment for each conviction.

14. If you are being sentenced to probation, you must pay a fee of up to $25 per month for the term of probation.

15. You lose the presumption against incarceration in future cases. 2C:44-1

16. You may lose your right to vote.

The defense of a person charged with a criminal offense is not impossible. There are a number of viable defenses and arguments which can be pursued to achieve a successful result. Advocacy, commitment, and persistence are essential to defending a client accused of a criminal offense.

Jail for Crimes and Disorderly Conduct:

If someone pleads Guilty or is found Guilty of a criminal offense, the following is the statutory Prison/Jail terms.

NJSA 2C: 43-8 (1) In the case of a crime of the first degree, for a specific term of years which shall be fixed by the court and shall be between 10 years and 20 years;

(2) In the case of a crime of the second degree, for a specific term of years which shall be fixed by the court and shall be between five years and 10 years;

(3) In the case of a crime of the third degree, for a specific term of years which shall be fixed by the court and shall be between three years and five years;

(4) In the case of a crime of the fourth degree, for a specific term which shall be fixed by the court and shall not exceed 18 months.

2C:43-3 Fines have been increased recently! 2C:43-3. Fines and Restitutions. A person who has been convicted of an offense may be sentenced to pay a fine, to make restitution, or both, such fine not to exceed:

a. (1) $200,000.00 when the conviction is of a crime of the first degree;

(2) $150,000.00 when the conviction is of a crime of the second degree;

b. (1) $15,000.00 when the conviction is of a crime of the third degree;

(2) $10,000.00 when the conviction is of a crime of the fourth degree;

c. $1,000.00, when the conviction is of a disorderly persons offense;

d. $500.00, when the conviction is of a petty disorderly persons offense;

If facing any criminal charge, retain an experienced attorney immediately to determine you rights and obligations to the court. Current criminal charge researched by Kenneth Vercammen, Esq. 732-572-0500


Kenneth Vercammen was the Middlesex County Bar Municipal Court Attorney of the Year
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Kenneth Vercammens Law office represents individuals charged with criminal, drug offenses, and serious traffic violations throughout New Jersey. Our office helps people with traffic/ municipal court tickets including drivers charged with Driving While Intoxicated, Refusal and Driving While Suspended.

Kenneth Vercammen was the NJ State Bar Municipal Court Attorney of the Year and past president of the Middlesex County Municipal Prosecutors Association.

Criminal and Motor vehicle violations can cost you. You will have to pay fines in court or receive points on your drivers license. An accumulation of too many points, or certain moving violations may require you to pay expensive surcharges to the N.J. DMV [Division of Motor Vehicles] or have your license suspended. Dont give up! The Law Office of Kenneth Vercammen can provide experienced attorney representation for criminal motor vehicle violations.

When your job or drivers license is in jeopardy or you are facing thousands of dollars in fines, DMV surcharges and car insurance increases, you need excellent legal representation. The least expensive attorney is not always the answer. Schedule an appointment if you need experienced legal representation in a traffic/municipal court matter.

Our website www.NJLaws.com provides information on traffic offenses we can be retained to represent people. Our website also provides details on jail terms for traffic violations and car insurance eligibility points. Car insurance companies increase rates or drop customers based on moving violations.

Contact the Law Office of
Kenneth Vercammen & Associates, P.C.
at 732-572-0500
for an appointment.

The Law Office cannot provide legal advice or answer legal questions over the phone or by email. Please call the Law office and schedule a confidential "in office" consultation.

Ken Vercammen articles

Ken Vercammens Resume Directions to Ken Vercammen and Associates



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